четверг, 14 января 2016 г.

Russian nuclear weapons in action

Russia's nuclear arsenal - the main deterrent of the Kremlin, which allows him to feel quite blatantly in the international arena.
Moscow is doing everything possible to its nuclear forces demonstrated a willingness to strike at any time, making not only the US but the entire world in the "radioactive ash".
But here's the real state of the Russian nuclear sword away from this terrible way. Missiles made in the USSR, is rapidly becoming obsolete. A system that allows you to see the launches of missiles, destroyed. In the meantime, the US and China are developing latest hypersonic missiles, Russia boasts a "breakthrough technology" that the West has made in 80 years of the last century.
"Observer" understood the real situation with the nuclear sword and shield, and Russia begins a series of publications devoted to this vital topic. In this article we will focus on the state of shock of the nuclear forces of the Russian Federation land-based - the Strategic Missile Forces.
Rusty sword
The Kremlin long and hard to create images of "punishing sword of vengeance" of its nuclear forces. Kiselyov publicized speech advocate that "Russia - the only country in the world that really is able to turn the United States into radioactive ash" - is perhaps the best example of this information policy. However, exclusively aimed at the Russians themselves, who must be confident in the power of his country. But the reality is not so rosy.


Russian nuclear strike force made up of three components: the Strategic Missile Forces, Navy and Air Force. Chief among them - missile forces, which are armed with intercontinental ballistic missiles.
In total, as of 2015, Russia had 305 missiles, which carry a total of up to 1126 charges.

From 1126 warheads, 68% are on ballistic missiles whose service experimentally increased annually launch missiles at the trial, and evaluating fly or not fly.
Aged "Satan"
Silo-based missiles R-36M (SS-20 "Voivod"), better known by NATO under the name "Satan", carry the 460 individual nuclear weapons, 10 pieces on each missile. This represents 40% of all nuclear warheads, which are posted on Russian ballistic missiles.

The missile "Satan", designed and manufactured in Dnepropetrovsk even in 70-80 years, is designed in such a way to strike a blow even through nuclear explosions. The initial term of use of P-36M from the initial 10 years, was extended to 15, 18 and then to 20 years. Now Russia says it could increase up to 2020.
The program of extending the life of the main role was played by Ukrainian "Pivdenmash", but in 2014 all military cooperation programs were discontinued. The problem of life extension handed over to the Russian State Rocket Center. Makeyev, which specializes in ballistic missiles for submarines. At the same exact number of missiles "Satan", which are estimated to Moscow will be able to live another 4 years - is unknown.

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The Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation in early 2015 yet commented on the critical question about the service life of these missiles.
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"The initial factory resources are missiles of this type ended in 2005, after that the extension of the resource occurs annually. To shoot one or two missiles, estimated technical state of rest, a special committee makes a decision - to extend the expiration date or not. Last time it was done in mid-2014. Around the end of 2015 the resource is there, then it should be extended. If you do not, the rocket should be removed from duty. But we think this will not happen "- said the representative of the Russian Strategic Missile Forces, gazeta.ru wrote in March 2015 .
Veteran 60
The nuclear arsenals of Russia P-36M "Satan" is not the oldest rocket. Especially compared to the UR-100N (RS-18), according to NATO classification - "Stiletto", which is a modification of missiles developed in the mid 60s. 60 silo-based missiles UR-100N taken by 28% of all nuclear weapons RVSN. Like "Satan", "Stiletto" year experience and extend its use for the past three decades.


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The most recent announcement of the launch "Stiletto" in 2015 was made by the local authorities in the Yekaterinburg region. According to the logic of the Kremlin, he had to prove the possibility of the RS-18 will last another year.
"November 27 from GMD Dombarovsky Orenburg region is scheduled to launch an intercontinental ballistic missile RS-18. Reserve launch date -28 November. The flight path of the missile will pass through the Nizhnevartovsk region", - stated in the message transmitted TASS reported on 25 November.
But the Russian Defense Ministry has not announced the launch of a test launch RS-18 in late 2015, and the information on start-up mysteriously disappeared from the site of the local administration.
Grove "Topol"
By the new ballistic missiles in service with Russia are "Topol", "Topol-M" and modernization "yars". Russia has a total 199 of these missiles, some of which are available on the mobile platform of the wheel, as well as in silos.

The first "Topol" was developed in the early 80s, its main feature was the placement on wheeled platform that, according to the Defense Ministry, ensures the survival of the complex in case of war. In the late '80s, he was upgraded to the level of "Topol-M", which can reside on a mobile platform, and the silo launcher.
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A significant limitation of these missiles has become a single warhead. "Poplars" are only one nuclear warhead to 0.55 megatons. For comparison, the UR-100N 6 carries charges of 0.55 megatons, and P-36M - 10 0.75 megatons.

Thus, the 150 "Topol" must ensure the delivery of only 82.5 megatons, or only 12% of the total capacity of nuclear weapons Russian ballistic missiles.
To remedy this situation in Russia have decided to develop on the basis of "Topol-M" ballistic missiles with warheads 3-4 0.3 megatons, which was named the "yars". As of 2015 the Russian managed to put on combat duty 49 such missiles.
Simple arithmetic
Thus, the Strategic Missile Forces of Russia has 106 missiles R-36M and UR-100N. It is they who bear the 780 warheads, or 69% of the total, with a total capacity of 543 megatons, or 79% of the capacity of all the charges that are deployed on ballistic missiles.
And to ensure performance of these missiles can only be experienced by regularly checking to fly or not.
If we reject these missiles, considering only monobloc "Poplars" and the new "Yarsy" that Russia has only 199 relatively new ballistic missiles that can deliver 346 charges a total capacity of 141.3 megatons.
For comparison. By 2013 the US had 450 deployed intercontinental ballistic missiles Minuteman III, which carry one nuclear charge capacity of about 0.35 megatons. And the power of all charges mounted on Minuteman III - 157,5 megatons. Technically, the US has the ability to equip its missiles multiple reentry part of the three warheads of 0.35 megatons each, increasing the total capacity to 475.5 megatons.

At the same time for the US ground-based ballistic missiles, unlike in Russia, they are not the main striking force. The Pentagon is more evenly distributed their nuclear forces on other components of the nuclear triad - the Navy and Air Force.
On the state of the strategic aviation of Russia and its fleet, read the next part of the series of articles "Browser" - "Nuclear weapons of Russia."
Recall that in the Russian Federation, died the chief of the Main Intelligence Directorate Igor Sergun.
And earlier, as reported by the "Observer", in December in Russia died two men who stood at the origins of the annexation of the Crimea: the general who commanded the intervention, and the former mayor of Sevastopol.
As reported by the "Observer" North Korea threatened nuclear war Washington, and the US led troops in combat readiness.

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